# cylinder

cylinder
A three-dimensional surface generated by a straight line (a generatrix) intersecting and moving along a closed plane curve (the directrix) while remaining parallel to a fixed straight line that is not on or parallel to the plane of the directrix. The portion of such a surface bounded by two parallel planes and the regions of the planes bounded by the surface. A solid bounded by two parallel planes and such a surface, especially such a surface having a circle as its directrix. Or a cylindrical vessel or object. Generally refers to a right cylinder — having end planes both parallel and at 90 to the generatrix. Calculate volume of a right cylinder as pi (3.14159) times the radius squared times the length of the generatrix. The surface area of a right cylinder (including the circular ends) is 2 times pi times the radius times the product of the radius plus the length of the generatrix. The surface area of the lateral area (not including the circular ends) of a right cylinder is 2 times pi times the radius times the length of the generatrix. Canisters, drums, and rolling pins are typically cylindrical in form. Any of several parts of a printing press that rotate, especially the one that carries the paper. In archaeology, a cylindrical stone or clay object with an engraved design or inscription. (pr. si'len-dr)

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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• Cylinder — most commonly refers to: Cylinder (geometry), a three dimensional geometric shape Cylinder may also refer to: Contents 1 Science and technology 1.1 Information storage …   Wikipedia

• Cylinder — Cyl in*der (s?l ?n d?r), n. [F. cylindre, OF. cilindre, L. cylindrus, fr. Gr. ky lindros, fr. kyli ndein, kyli ein, to roll. Cf. {Calender} the machine.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Geom.) (a) A solid body which may be generated by the rotation of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

• Cylinder — Cylinder, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 110 Housing Units (2000): 49 Land area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

• Cylinder, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 110 Housing Units (2000): 49 Land area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

• cylinder — 1560s, from M.Fr. cylindre (14c.), from L. cylindrus roller, cylinder, from Gk. kylindros a cylinder, roller, roll, from kylindein to roll, of unknown origin …   Etymology dictionary

• cylinder — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. cylinderdra, Mc. cylinderdrze {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} walcowaty otwór w kadłubie maszyny tłokowej (silnika, sprężarki, pompy itd.), w którym porusza się, odpowiednio… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

• cylinder — [sil′ən dər] n. [Fr cylindre < L cylindrus < Gr kylindros < kylindein, to roll < IE base * (s)kel , to bend > CALCAR, COLON1] 1. Geom. a) in geometry, a solid figure consisting of two parallel bases in the form of congruent, closed …   English World dictionary

• Cylinder [1] — Cylinder (v. gr.), 1) (Math.), ein zwischen 2 parallelen Ebenen als Grundflächen, u. einer krummen Seitenfläche (Mantel) enthaltener Körper. Die letztere wird von einer geraden Linie beschrieben, welche mit einer unveränderlichen Richtungslinie… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

• Cylinder [2] — Cylinder (Cylinderschnecken), so v.w. Walzenschnecken …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

• Cylinder — Cylinder, s. Zylinder …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

• Cylinder — und damit zusammengesetzte Stichwörter, s. Zylinder u.s.w …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik